Shrewsbury history

Butcher Row
410 (AD)The refugees from Britain’s largest Roman settlement (now Wroxeter, then Viroconium, 5 miles East of Shrewsbury) select Shrewsbury to settle, because of its excellent defensive position on a hill inside a loop of the River Severn.
617-760Shrewsbury is the capital town of West Mercia.
920Shrewsbury permitted to print money.
1066The most famous date in British history – when the Norman king William the Conqueror landed, then quickly took Britain over. By this time Shrewsbury was already a substantial walled city.
1083Shrewsbury’s great Benedictine Abbey and Monastery established – the building is still Shrewsbury’s biggest church.
1280King Edward I extends the castle to its present area as part of his continuing fight against the Welsh.
1380 Shrewsbury is Britain’s third largest town, after London and York.
1403The date of the battle of Shrewsbury, between King Henry IV and the powerful Percy family from Northumberland – a battle known by most people as the one which features Falstaff as coward, in Shakespeare’s Henry IV, Part 1.
1485Henry VII (Henry Tudor) declared king in Shrewsbury before his battle (at Bosworth) for the throne against the current king, Richard III – a battle again best known for its featuring in Shakespeare’s Richard III.
1642King Charles I shelters in Shrewsbury during the English civil war between the Parliamentarians (Puritans/Roundheads) and the Royalists. King Charles was later executed, and the victory of the Parliamentarians is seen by many as the birth of the modern political democracy.
176125 Claremont Hill – the current home of Severnvale – built.
1780The famous architectural engineer Thomas Telford (after whom the modern town of Telford is named) modernises the castle.
1809Charles Darwin, the famous proponent of the theory of evolution (first presented in 1859) and writer of The Origin of Species born, and subsequently educated, in Shrewsbury.
1830Madame Tussaud presents a waxwork exhibition here.
1851The great violinist, composer and conductor, Paganini presents a concerto in Shrewsbury.
1858Charles Dickens, perhaps England’s greatest novelist, stays – and writes a little – in Shrewsbury.
1910Wilfred Owen, one of Britain’s foremost war poets, lives and writes here.
1982Severnvale Academy established, and still going strong today!
1984Princess Anne opens the Gateway Arts Centre, which Severnvale now uses for its Junior Centre in Summer.
2003…Shrewsbury continues to be a wealthy market town of approximately 100,000 inhabitants still fulfilling its 7th century role as a provincial ‘capital’.